According to CNBC, the recent passing of the 2018 Farm Bill has allowed for the industry to completely skyrocket, creating tens of thousands of new jobs across multiple sectors. In addition, the hemp industry has grown to accumulate a revenue of $1.1 billion dollars in 2018, and it is estimated to more than double by 2022 to $2.6 billion. However, like any industry hemp cultivators and producers are facing backlash over the odors that their cultivation farms are producing into the air that is affecting nearby businesses and neighborhoods.
In this article we are going to learn more about industrial hemp, the problems associated with hemps odor during its growth phase, and the best commercial odor remedies to integrate onto an industrial hemp farm to remediate these problematic odors in the air.
What is Industrial Hemp
Industrial hemp is considered to be a phenotype of the Cannabis plant (Cannabis Sativa), a plant that is known for its THC content. This phenotype of cannabis has been grown for industrial uses of its derived products and it is among one of the fastest growing plants that was used over 10,000 years ago to be spun into usable fibers. Thus, hemp has been able to be used and implemented into paper, textiles, clothing, biodegradable plastics, etc. This plant can grow to heights of 4 to 15 feet and up to 0.75 inches in diameter. Unlike cannabis, hemp is known for its lower concentrations of THC and high concentrations of cannabidiol (CBD) – a chemical that will decrease or eliminate its psychoactive effects.
The production of industrial hemp is present in more than 30 nations around the world. In the United States, the production of this plant is under the direct control of drug enforcement laws and officials. If you want to or are trying to produce industrial hemp in the United States, the grower must obtain a permit from the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA). As we discussed previously, the booming industry of hemp has led to a skyrocketing of production of this plant with more and more commercial hemp farms being created around the world.
How Hemp is Made
Hemp is a versatile plant that can grow in many different conditions and environments, however, the main exceptions to this is extreme desert climates and high mountain regions. When it comes to an ideal condition for hemp to grow, you will want to look for warm-weather areas with a well-drained soil rich in organic material. It is necessary to avoid areas where the ground is excessively wet or where heavy rain is present, as it can lead to a weak hemp crop. If you are going to begin running and growing a hemp farm for industrial use, it is important to get the soil of the area tested prior to the beginning stages of cultivation of this crop. The soil of a hemp farm should test for elemental sulfur, potassium sulfate and rock phosphate levels – be sure that these minerals are not tested high in your farms soil.
You may be wondering how long exactly the growth cycle of a hemp plant is, and this growth cycle can range depending on the conditions in the environment. The average growth cycle of a hemp plant is around 108 to 120 days. Therefore, the hemp industry can somewhat quickly produce their crops when conditions are favorable in their farms areas.
Hemp Growth Cycle & Growing Conditions
The growth cycle of hemp will have multiple processes to the cultivation and harvesting of the hemp. Hemp is an annual plant that grows from seeds and can be planted in a range of soil. The crop before it is planted must be tilled, this is essential because there are no herbicides labeled for use preparing soil for planting hemp. When planting the hemp, the seeds will need to be sowed into the soil where they will begin to grow, this is better than placing the hemp seeds in pots that they will eventually outgrow.
- Tending Hemp Crops: When it comes to maintaining and caring for your hemp crop, making sure to irrigate your planted seeds sufficiently is of vital importance. During the first six weeks in the soil this will be the peak time where irrigate will be critical to the hemp crops.
- Pesticides: The regulations for pesticide use on hemp crops is set federally, though some states may have more stringent pesticide regulations. It is important to review the permitted pesticides to use on this crop before you apply any to your cannabis crops.
- Hemp Farming Equipment: There are no special farming equipment that are necessary for growing hemp, except that you may need special machinery for hemp grown for fiber.
- Harvesting Hemp: After about 90 to 100 days in the ground, the hemp plant is considered to have fully matured. During this crops stage you will start to observe seed heads maturing from bottom and moving upward to reach completion.
What Does Hemp Smell Like
The rapidly maturing hemp plants are coming under heavy scrutiny for the strong odors they are producing into the air around these industrial hemp farms. Typically, hemp is widely compared or interchangeably thought of as cannabis, however, although there are similarities between the two there are also many differences when it comes to the effects the plant can cause to human’s upon exposure. One similarity that these two plants share in common though is its strong, potent stench of sunk spray that it emits into the airspace of an environment. Some strains of CBD hemp seeds even incorporate “skunk” in the products name.
The odors that are produced from hemp plants become amplified when the plant morphs from tiny seedlings into tall, leafy bushes in their growth to maturity and harvest. Once they mature the plants will rub against each other readily, bruising their leaves and releasing oils that will magnify the skunk smell of the hemp leaves.
How Long Does Hemp Smell
The smell of hemp, as we discussed above, is a potent skunk-like odor that will emanate for quite some time after its initial release into the air. The hemp farms that grow this crop have faced some issues when it comes to this hemp smell that will float into the air space and travel near surrounding areas by this farm. The smell of hemp only is elicited strongly during the months that the plant is mature, which will only last for a few months out of the year. However, this can still be an issue for those areas near the industrial hemp farms that are exposed to this odor that can sometimes even taint their environments as well.
As hemp smells and odors become more of a problem, it is increasing the need for odor control solutions to be set-up and integrated within these farming areas where the hemp is growing. We will learn more about commercial hemp odor remedies below and discuss what an industrial hemp farm should be looking for when purchasing odor neutralizing solutions for their commercial spaces.
Hemp Smell Complaints
Hemp smell and odors have received many complaints from nearby residents and areas that have begun to deal with the skunk smell that is produced from a mature hemp crop(s). Some areas that have dealt with the problem of hemp odors have even responded by placing strict zoning regulations on where these farms can be operated, regulating away from residential areas that could be tainted by these odors in their areas. According to Civilized Life, the Sonoma county area received up to 730 complaints related to cannabis this year, and 65 percent of them were related to the odors that are produced from these plants.
These hemp smell complaints have led to the increase need and almost shortly regulations that will be placed on these hemp farms to control and mitigate the odors that are released from the hemp crops.
Commercial Hemp Drying Odor Remedies
During the commercial hemp cultivation process, the odors that are produced from these plants can be pungent and will spread throughout the air space near to surrounding areas. This has been a cause of concern and a lot of talks about changing regulations to enforce the need for these industrial farms to utilize commercial odor neutralization solutions within their facilities. Air purifiers and air filters are among the top options for these types of commercial environments. These air cleaning devices will work in the indoor space of a hemp farm to eradicate and mitigate the suspended airborne odors created from the hemp crops.
An air filter will easily be integrated into a hemp industries air ventilation and air conditioning systems to provide you with the capability to clean the indoor air while also removing pesky odors that hang in the air. An air purifier, on the other hand, will be utilized primarily as stand-alone systems that can be moved throughout the indoor space to eradicate the indoor pollutants and odor created from the mature hemp.
Hemp Air Filters for Odor Neutralization
When it comes to the various types of air filters that are currently being used in cannabis and hemp industry facilities, such as carbon, ionization, and ozone, they will all work in different ways to mitigate the odors produced from these crops. Carbon air filters will work by filling up the filter media of the carbon, collecting pollutants and odors onto this media until it becomes completely full. When the carbon becomes full, which depending on the conditions in your environment could be within weeks or a month of initial use, it will start to re-release the collected pollutants back into the air and act counterproductively in the environment. Ozone and ionization, on the other hand, will work by creating and releasing byproducts into the air – both ozone gas and negative ions, to work to remove the pollutants and odors from the air of these industrial facilities. However, not only are these byproducts harmful but they can also potentially ruin the crop.
Unlike these popularly used air filters, the EnviroKlenz Air Filter is in a class all of its own. The EnviroKlenz technology is comprised of proprietary, non-toxic earth minerals that work safely to capture, contain, and neutralize a broad array of noxious and toxic chemicals and odors from the air. No more storing pollutants on a filter media or creating potentially toxic byproducts into the air, with the EnviroKlenz Air Filter you can confidently know that your indoor commercial space, or hemp farm is undergoing a complete pollutant neutralization of its air space – removing them from the environment entirely. This filter can easily be integrated into any air handling system or ventilation system to effectively neutralize the indoor air of pollutants, all while lasting for up to 6 months in this indoor space.
Mobile Air System
The EnviroKlenz Mobile Air System utilizes hospital-grade technology to provide maximum air cleaning efficiency for your home and office. It combines certified HEPA filtration along with our patented EnviroKlenz Air Cartridge to remove airborne pollen, dust, odors, mold, gasses, fragrance, VOCs, allergens, bacteria, and more.
✓ Patented Earth Mineral Technology works to attack the VOC and break down on a compound level.
✓ Powder coated metal housing – Made in the USA
✓ No chemicals or masking agents
✓ Will not release any chemicals back into your environment
✓ Safer and faster at removing VOC’s than traditional carbon filters and Peco air purifier